Tuesday, 28 June 2011

Indian Army Regimental Organisation

  • Division: A Division of Army is the largest striking force in the army. Each  Division is headed by General Officer  Commanding. Each Division consist of 15,000 combat troops and 8,000 support elements. Currently, the Indian Army has 37, Divisions including 4 RAPID (Re-organised Army Plains Infantry Divisions) Action Divisions, 18 Infantry Divisions, 10 Mountain Divisions, 3 Armoured Divisions and 2 Artillery Divisions. Each Division composes of several Brigades.
  • Brigade: A Brigade generally consists of around 3,000 combat troops with supporting elements. An Infantry Brigade usually has 3 Infantry Battalions along with various Support Arms & Services. It is headed by a Brigadier, equivalent to a Brigadier General in some armies. In addition to the Brigades in various Army Divisions, the Indian Army also has 5 Independent Armoured Brigades, 15 Independent Artillery Brigades, 7 Independent Infantry Brigades, 1 Independent Parachute Brigade,3 Independent Air Defence Brigades, 2 Independent Air Defence Groups and 4 Independent Engineer Brigades. These Independent Brigades operate directly under the Corps Commander (GOC Corps).
  • Battalion: A Battalion is commanded by a Colonel and is the Infantry's main fighting unit. It consists of more than 900 combat personnel.
  • Company: Headed by the Major, a Company comprises 120 soldiers.
  • Platoon: An intermediate between a Company and Section, a Platoon is headed by a Lieutenant or depending on the availability of Commissioned Officers, a Junior Commissioned Officer, with the rank of Subedar or Naib-Subedar. It has a total strength of about 32 troops.
  • Section: Smallest military outfit with a strength of 10 personnel. Commanded by a Non-commissioned officer of the rank of Havildar Major or Sergeant Major.

Future Developments of Indian Army

India's Future development in Army Regiments.
  • Futuristic Infantry Soldier As a System (F-INSAS) is the Indian Army's latest program of modernization, which will be regulated from 2012 to 2020. In the very first phase of the program infantry soldiers will be equipped with modular weapon system that can handle multiple functions at a time. The Indian Army intends to modernize all of its 465 infantry and paramilitary battalions by 2020 with this program.
  • Indian Army is under going the re-organising its mechanised forces which will achieve strategic mobility and high-volume firepower for rapid thrusts into enemy territory. India proposes to progressively induct as many as 248 Arjun MBT and develop and induct the Arjun MKII variant, 1,657 Russian-origin T-90S main-battle tanks (MBTs), apart from the ongoing upgrade of its T-72 fleet. The Army recently placed an order for 4,100 French-origin Milan-2T anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs). Defence ministry sources said the Rs 592-crore (approximately US$120 million) order was cleared after the 2008 Mumbai attacks, with the government finally fast-tracking several military procurement plans.
  • The Army gained the Cabinet Committee on Security's approval to raise two new infantry mountain divisions (with around 15,000 combat soldiers each), and an artillery brigade in 2008. These divisions were likely to be armed with ultralight howitzers. In July 2009, it was reported that the Army was advocating a new artillery division, said defence ministry sources. The proposed artillery division, under the Kolkata-based Eastern Command, was to have three brigades—two of 155mm howitzers and one of the Russian "Smerch" and indigenous "Pinaka" multiple-launch rocket systems.
  • The Indian Army plans to develop and induct a 155mm indigenous artillery gun within the next three and a half years.

Indian Army History In British Raj

 The Indian Army was created in 1776 under the Supreme Governance of East India Company at Calcutta, the main function was to sift and record orders related to Army by East India Company. The Charter Act of 1833, the Secretariat of East India Company was revised into four Dept. including a Military Dept. The Army became a single unit on April 1895 when the Presidency Armies united into single Indian Army. To run it smoothly they have divided into 4 Commands at that point namely Punjab (including the North West Frontier), Bengal, Madras (including Burma) and Bombay (including Sind, Quetta and Aden).
The British Indian Army was a critical force in the primacy of the British Empire in both India, as well as across the world. Besides maintaining the internal security of the British Raj, the Army fought in theaters around the world - Anglo-Burmese Wars, First and Second Anglo-Sikh Wars, First, Second and Third Anglo-Afghan Wars, Opium Wars in China, Abyssinia, Boxer Rebellion in China.

Thursday, 9 June 2011

Indian Army Rank : Regimental Havildar Major

Indian Military Ranks are structured according to British System. In India, only two Field Marshal's baton has been awarded since it became Independence, there hasn't been any Admiral of the Fleet nor Marshal of the Air Force. Indian cavalry uses traditional ranks like lowest Army enlisted rank is "Sepoy", but the equivalent rank is sowar. Indian Army has eliminated the rank of 2nd  Lieutenant. In India officers do not command platoons- Naib Subedars. The unit commander appoints two other ranks: Company Havaldar Major and Regimental Havaldar Major. These ranks are senior sergeant ranks for the supply services.

Indian Army rules are ranks up RHM(Regimental Havildar Major) are selected by the Commanding  Officer. Every Company has 15 Lance Naiks, 10 Naiks and 5 Havildars. The senior most two Havildars are Company Quater Master Havildar and Company Havildar Major. CO has all the rights to promote or demote any of these ranks with valid reasons. At regiment level, two senior Havildars are promoted to Regimental Quater Master Havildar and Regimental Havildar Major.

The rank of Quarter Master Havildar used to be there in every regiment and not just in supply units. Today, however, the Quarter Master Havildar is slowly being removed. The rank of Quarter Master and Havildar Majors are just appointments. They receive only the pay and perquisites of a normal Havildar. For their extra work, they generally get appointment pay, in the range of Rupees 75 to Rupees 200 per month. If the RHM or CHM has to change his unit, there is every chance he may lose the Havildar Major status. For example, when a Havildar joins a National Cadet Corps unit, he may become a Havildar Major, but when he goes back to his unit, he becomes Havildar again. Havildar Majors and Quarter Masters are not a separate rank. It is just an appointment, which can be cancelled any day.

Wednesday, 1 June 2011

Indian Army Ranks : The Chief of Army is Gen Vijay Kumar Singh

The chief of Indian Army staff, General of Indian Army is be Lt Gen Vijay Kumar Singh. He belongs to Rajput family, in Bapora Village, Haryana. His ideologies are of third generation. He is son of a Indian Army Colonel and his grand father was Senior Junior Commissioned Officer(JCO). He did his schooling from Pilani, Rajasthan.

He was commissioned into 2nd Battalion of Rajput Regiment on 14th June 1970. He commanded the same unit when, it was relocated to the Line of Control with Pakistan. Singh graduated from the Defence Services Staff College as a honours graduate of the United States Army Infantry School, a graduate of the Rangers Course at Fort Benning and the United States Army War College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. In Rangers course which he attended in U.S.A he won the first position in the combat operation.
General Singh is one of the most experiences officer as he has faces high altitude operations as well as insurgency, he have witness and served during 1971 Bangladesh war. He has been positioned in many position in his career.

    * Military Operations Directorate at the Army Headquarters.
    * Brigadier General Staff of a Corps during 'Operation Parakram' when Indian troops were mobilised on the border in the wake of the attack on the Indian Parliament in 2001.
    * Commanded Ambala-based 2 Corps and Jalandhar based 11 Corps in Punjab state.
    * Instructor in the Indian Military Training Team (IMTRAT) headquarters in Bhutan.

General Singh was awarded the ”Ati Vishisht Seva Medal” (AVSM) for distinguished service while commanding a counter-insurgency force.

Monday, 23 May 2011

Indian Army Ranks in order of Pay-Scale

Indian army officer are paid according to their respectful ranks in the army.
Given Below is the structure of salary paid per month to honorable officers.

General- Rs 90,000/- 

Lieutenant General- Rs 67,000-80,000/-

Major General- Rs 37,000-67,000/-

Brigadier- Rs 37,000-67,000/-

Colonel- Rs 37,000-67,000/-

Lieutenant Colonel- Rs 37,000-67,000/-

Major- Rs 15,600-39,100/-

Captain- Rs 15,600-39,100/-

Lieutenant- Rs 15,600-39,100/-

Many perks are also given to these country-men, who serve their life's to their mother land.

Wednesday, 11 May 2011

Highest Indian Army Ranks is Field Marshal

The Highest Rank for Indian Army is Field Marshal, but this honorary rank does not exist in the present army structure. However, two distinguished officers hold this rank, they are Late Sam Manekshaw and Late K M Cariappa. But, In the new structure of Indian Army Ranks "Colonel General" is the highest position, which is held by chief of staff committee or chief of army staff of Indian Army.

A General Officer is a flag officer of high Indian Army Rank, usually in the army. The term is widely used by many nations of the world, and when a country uses a different term, there is an equivalent title given.
The insignia has Golden Indian National Emblem outlined in red color, below that there is a golden star which is outlined in red. Then at last, a crossed gold, baton and scimitar again outlined in red.

The rank General can be used: as the generic title for all grades of general officer; and as a specific rank. In 20th century, the rank of General is usually the highest active rank of a military. An officers who commanded more than one regiment came to be known as "general officers".

Field Marshall
Colonel General
Lieutenant General
Major General
 This is old European system followed till now in many countries and in Indian Army.